With AsiaвЂ™s largest fisheries farm in South https://besthookupwebsites.org/sdc-review/ KashmirвЂ™s Anantnag district emerging once the producer that is best of rainbow trout on earth, private farms are taking to trout rearing and finding it commercially viable
The weekend getaway of Kokernag, 22km from Anantnag, is home to AsiaвЂ™s largest fisheries farm this is certainly emerging as the producer that is best of rainbow trout in the field.
Spread over 20 hectares, the farm was set up 36 years ago with support through the European Economic Committee. It started with a hatchery that is single has now been upgraded to 3 hatcheries who supply millions of eyed ova and seeds to beneficiaries, including private fish farmers.
Trout farming within the private sector was introduced because of the government in 2009 and has now been a success. At the moment, there are many more than 540 private farms rearing trout and earning their livelihood in Kokernag.
Just the conditions that are right
The main trout farming project officer at Kokernag, Mohammad Muzaffar Bazaz, says Kashmir has two types of fisheries, warm and water that is cold. The temperature shouldnвЂ™t exceed 20 degrees CelsiusвЂњFor trout culture. Brown trouts come in abundance into the upper reaches,вЂќ he says.
Being the very first fisheries postgraduate (MFSc) of Kashmir, Bazaz has a liking that is special this farm and spends his entire trip to the hatcheries, raceways and streams to help keep a wristwatch in the trouts.
вЂњWe have our own brooders and obtain eggs and milt that is white them. We rainbow that is rear for commercial purposes only as it is carried out in the rest of the world,вЂќ he says, showing the brooders swimming within the uncontaminated water regarding the gushing stream.
Explaining the hatching process, he says, the eggs from females and milt that is white male brooders are harvested by stripping their bellies. вЂњThe eggs are fertilised in hatcheries by keeping them in trays which can be put under running water. It usually takes a month to hatch these eggs into fry, which are placed on high protein feed. The fish are shifted from hatcheries to outside plus the recipe of feed is changed till it attains table size weight ideal for commercial farming,вЂќ Bazaz says.
Lots of potential
Kashmir leads trout production in India with more than 500 tonnes each year. вЂњThis is entirely consumed locally generally there is potential and much more private players are moving towards rearing trout,вЂќ he says.
Just last year, the farm earned Rs 1.83 crore out of which it sold seed for Rs 40 lakh to farmers that are private. вЂњThe breeding coincides with winter and as a result of heavy silting and changing water parameters, the farm produces 40 lakh green ova out which it gets 15 lakh fry,вЂќ he says.
вЂњi’ve been rearing trout in my farm for two years. After the fish attain table size, I have customers here at my farm. The trout is commercially viable,вЂќ says Ajaz Ahmad, the owner of a private farm in South Kashmir.
Hard work and expertise
Kashmir is also known as the anglersвЂ™ paradise which is why tourists, particularly foreigners, head for the water that is high-altitude. вЂњUsually, brown trout is situated in high-altitude lakes and streams since it feeds on animal prey species unlike rainbow trout. ItвЂ™s needs a expertise that is special catch trout,вЂќ says Manzoor Bhat, an angler from Tangmarg.
Syed Manzoor, a senior supervisor at the Kokernag farm, says the breeding season is from October to February when seed is collected from the fish.
вЂњWe know which fish is ready for stripping. To help keep the hatcheries clean and harvesting the eggs is a hectic process that needs expertise which is why we have trained staff. We must regularly feed the fry after which the fish at different stages besides washing the raceways. All things are done manually. We even produce the feed here,вЂќ he says.
The way the journey began
In Kashmir, the trout that is first, comprising 10,000 eggs, originated from the uk in 1899. The entire batch perished. The second batch arrived from Scotland per year later, out of which 1,000 fry were transferred to Panzagam Dachigam (Harwan) plus the rest reared when you look at the premises of an exclusive carpet factory owner in Baghi, Dilawar Khan, in the midst of the city.